Qingdao is located on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean and the Yellow Sea and lies at the southern end of the Shandong Peninsula off Korea and Japan in the East. It is an important coastal central city, an international port city and a famous historical and cultural city in China. Covering a land area of 11000 square kilometers and a sea area of 12000 square kilometers, it has jurisdiction over seven districts and three cities, with a permanent resident population of 9.4998 million.
Qingdao is one of the most livable cities in China. With Qingdao’s superior natural conditions, the annual and summer average temperatures are 12.3 ℃ and 23 ℃ respectively. Hence Qingdao is a famous summer resort thanks to its mild climate, especially in summer and winter. Qingdao won the National Residential Environment Prize and has been rated as “the most ecologically competitive city in China”, “the most attractive city for foreign talents” and “the city with the greatest sense of happiness in China”.
Qingdao is the economically central city in China. Qingdao has a solid industrial foundation and a complete range of industries, covering 36 of the 41 industrial sectors. Qingdao has pillar industries including household appliances and electronics, petrochemical and chemical industry, textile and clothing, food and beverage, machinery and steel, automobile and locomotive and marine engineering. Haier, Hisense, Tsingtao beer, CRRC Sifang and other well-known enterprises are located in Qingdao. It will further expand the new generation of information technology, biomedicine, intelligent manufacturing equipment, new energy, new materials, modern ocean, aerospace and other emerging industries. In 2020, the city’s GDP reached 1240.056 billion yuan.
Qingdao is a famous marine science education city in China. Qingdao has gathered one-fifth of China’s marine scientific research institutions and one-third of high-end research and development platforms. The major universities in Qingdao include Ocean University of China, Shandong University (Qingdao Campus), Beihang University (Qingdao Campus), China University of Petroleum, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao University and Qingdao University of Science and Technology. The main research institutes in Qingdao include Institute of Oceanology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology Center.
Qingdao is a regional international transportation hub city in China. Qingdao port is an important international maritime port, and its container throughput and cargo throughput rank among the top ten in the world. Qingdao airport is China’s aviation hub. At present, it has opened international routes to London, Frankfurt, Paris, Vancouver, Sydney, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Moscow, Singapore, Osaka, Tokyo, Seoul and other cities. It has 166 domestic routes, 34 international routes, and three regional routes to Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, carrying 25 million passengers annually.
Qingdao is a famous international coastal resort city in China. Qingdao is rich in cultural tourism landscape and exotic architecture, known as the “World Architecture Expo”. The main attractions in Qingdao include Laoshan National Park, Badaguan, Zhanqiao, May 4th Square, Beer Museum, etc. Besides, Qingdao is also the host city of sailing competition for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the 13th Paralympic Games, and the 2014 International Horticultural Exhibition. Qingdao International Beer Festival, Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and International Fashionable Dress Week are held every year.